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Danube Delta, Romania – Europe’s second largest delta river

A river that is a seamlessly eloquent host

One of Romania’s beautiful and oldest (environmentalists and ecologists estimate the river was established 6,500 years ago) landscapes and natural beauty is definitely the Danube Delta or as per local Romanians call it – the Delta Dunarii. The Daunbe Delta is the second largest river in Europe spanning over a total of 5,165km square feet and is the largest reed bed in the world. In fact, it is the best maintained river in Europe and holds the prestigious label of being an UNESCO World Heritage Site. Now, considering it is a prolific place, what’s so special about it?

Full of wildlife and nature
According to UNESCO, the Danube Delta is home to “over 300 species as well as 45 freshwater species”. However, this information was established in 1991 and since then, the WWF found even more species and wildlife including current species numbers growing.

White Pelican in the Danube Delta

The WWF also stated that the Danube Delta is home to around 70% of the White Pelican population and 60% of the Pygmy Cormorant population, which is pretty phenomenal. Considering that wildlife is constantly becoming under threat due to numerous factors such as global warming, deforestation, rising sea levels, irrigation, poachers (you get the point right?) the statistics regarding species and this river are remarkable. Furthermore, the WWF discovered that there are 18 amphibian species, 75 dragonfly species, 73 native freshwater species and 88 freshwater mollusks that inhabit the Danube Delta. The Danube Delta is a home for many, many different species of birds, some that are endangered which is why the river delta is essential in preserving the endangered species, hence it’s World Heritage Site status.

The Danube Delta is not just known for the wonderful wildlife it preserves and is home to, as the river delta is made up of canals, ponds, lakes and reed beds. The climate also plays apart in why different species inhabit the area. The Danube Delta runs through the driest and warmest locations in Romania and is connected to the Black Sea, hence the visibility of different amphibian creatures. What’s more fascinating is that the river continues to grow due to a sediment  known as either alluvium or alluvion,  which is deposited at a capacity of 67 million tons every year! Alluvium consists of mud, sand and silt that is deposited by flowing water in rivers. Another worthy note is that it is home to many ecosystems as well such as the Pannonian Steppe ecosystem – numerous grasslands found in a Pannonian Basin.

 

Tourist information

It would have been surprising for such a beautiful site to be left unattended by humans (although some environmentalists argue that should be the case) but if you ever plan to visit, it is full of discovery. Over 3,000 square miles,  there are several places to explore such as the Chilia Arm/Veche in Tulcea, Lake Rosca, the Letea Reserve that has trees over 500 years old! and the Sulina Arm. These locations are only a  few of many places to explore where the official tourist website mentioned below explains more places in further detail. However, many tourists take canal trips through the Danube Delta to sightsee and capture wonderful moments as seen in countless fascinating pictures around the web. You can also visit historic sites, go bird-watching (the Danube Delta is a birdwatchers dream location) and even fish. Fortunately, there are plenty things to do there and is certainly a worthwhile place to visit.

 

So the Danube Delta is full of excitement and more importantly, eye catching nature and wildlife. If that was not enough, here are pictures of the wonderful location (note: pictures are not mine they are to the respective owner, link to the picture will be provided when you click on it. All credit to the photographers for their wonderful photos):

Glimpses of the Pannonian Steppe in Danube Delta

Pygmy Cormorant in the Danube Delta

 

 

Horses at the Danube Delta

Overview of danube delta

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beautiful Golden Oriole in the Danube Delta (Photo by: Stephen Crow)

 

Have you ever been to the Danube Delta? Share your experience with us and others in the comments or interact with us on twitter!

Sources

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/588

http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/ecoregions/danube_river_delta.cfm

http://romaniatourism.com/delta.html – official tourist website

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asamsb

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