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Mariana Trench – The Deepest Place on Earth

New life has  recently been discovered here

Mariana Trench Location

General Background

A rather unique and wonderful place, the Mariana Trench is officially the deepest part of the World’s oceans and the deepest place on earth. Located west to the Pacific Ocean nearby the Philippines, the trench is extensively deep at 2.5 kilometres deep. Shaped like a crescent, the Mariana Trench is 69 kilometres wide and has a distance of 332 kilometres from the surface of the trench to the deepest part of the trench, which is famously labelled as the Challenger Deep. The Challenger Deep’s name originates from the British Navy in 1875 as a ship named the H.M.S. Challenger, explored and analysed the depth of the Mariana Trench. Furthermore, and fascinatingly enough, if you were to compare the peak of the tallest mountain in the world – Mount Everest to the deepest part of the Mariana Trench, the trench would beat the peak by a mile. Luckily, the Mariana Trench is now a preserved U.S. zone which is apart of the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument and researchers have to gain permits in order to carry out work and research.

Remarkably, only two people have ever reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench because of the high risks of travelling to the surface. This historical event occurred in 1960 whereby Jacques Piccard and Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh took five hours to reach the bottom and explored the deepest part for approximately 20 minutes. Unfortunately, no photographs were taken due to clouds of silt disrupted their route, which therefore meant that they faced hostility about whether they really explored the deepest part of the Mariana Trench. Nevertheless, it was a groundbreaking achievement in the exploration of nature.

Wildlife in the Mariana Trench

For many years, it was debated whether wildlife could survive under the immense pressure and depth of the trench. Remarkably enough, explorers discovered vast species of fish. Jeff Drazen of the University of Hawaii, was apart of an exploration team that discovered the ‘deepest recorded living fish’ which were nicknamed the “ghost-fish”. Considering the advancements in science, it is fascinating to see newly discovered species at the bottom of the sea. Scientists claimed that the reasons for these fish to survive under enormous pressure is because they possess a chemical called trimethylamine oxide, which allows them to not get battered by the immense pressure and waves of saltwater. Furthermore, only a couple of days ago, even more life was discovered! The NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) explored the trench for approximately 3 weeks and discovered various types of marine creatures. One creature that caught the eye of everyone was night glowing jellyfish. Furthermore, they discovered sponge-like predators, fish with legs shaped like fins and crabs that were mentioned as “the most flamboyant crabs ever seen” – Dr Glickson apart of the exploration analysis team.

A place for deep analysis (no pun intended)

Whilst having backlash about videos and pictures of the new creatures being claimed as CGI etc. the Mariana Trench is a place that can require great analysis of newly founded creatures. Whether it’s classifying new fishes into food chains or discovering new fish food, the Mariana Trench is a profound trench with ubiquitous undiscovered life. Hopefully in the near future more and more life will be discovered and hopefully the trench stays a preserved site for eternity.

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asamsb

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